The Pleurothallidinae subtribe of orchids is comprised of several dozen genera and approximately four thousand species found across Central and South America. The most familiar genera of the Pleurothallidinae include Masdevallia, Dracula, Pleurothallis, Porroglossum, Scaphosepalum, and Stelis. Amongst orchids, only the genus Bulbophyllum can rival the Pleurothallids for the often strange, and striking form their flowers take. The variety of forms of these plants range from grassy-leafed micro-miniatures to paddle-leaved giants. While care and culture vary significantly among the represented genera, many Pleuros are commonly grown in cool to intermediate temperatures, high humidity and moisture levels, and deep shade.